20 Types of dye materials are selected. Most of them are plants, including flowers, fruits and roots. Two are insects. Two types of mineral are used as mordants.
Scientific Name: Rubia tinctorum
Madder is a plant that belongs to the Rubiaceae family. Its scientific name is Rubia tinctorum, and it is also known by other names such as dyer's madder, common madder, or just madder. The plant is native to many regions like Asia and has been cultivated for thousands of years for its red dye, which is extracted from its roots.
Madder has been used as a dye for textiles and other materials since ancient times. The dye obtained from madder roots produces a range of colors, from pale pink to deep red, depending on the process used to extract the dye and the type of mordant (a substance used to fix the dye to the fabric) used. The dye is known for its color fastness and has been used to dye fabrics for clothing, carpets, and tapestries.
In addition to its use as a dye, madder has also been used in traditional medicine for various purposes, including as a diuretic, a treatment for jaundice, and a remedy for menstrual problems. Some research has also suggested that madder may have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.
Today, madder is still cultivated for its dye, although synthetic dyes have largely replaced natural dyes in the textile industry. Madder is also used as an ornamental plant in gardens due to its attractive foliage and flowers.
2. Lac bugs
6. Connected shell
8. Huai Mi
9. pomegranate peel
12. winter green
14. onion skin
18. five companions
19. black bean coat