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20 Types of dye materials are selected. Most of them are plants, including flowers, fruits and roots. Two are insects. Two types of mineral are used as mordants.

Chinese: 茜草根

English: Madder

Scientific Name: Rubia tinctorum

Part: Root

Category: Plant


Madder is a plant that belongs to the Rubiaceae family. Its scientific name is Rubia tinctorum, and it is also known by other names such as dyer's madder, common madder, or just madder. The plant is native to many regions like Asia and has been cultivated for thousands of years for its red dye, which is extracted from its roots.


Madder has been used as a dye for textiles and other materials since ancient times. The dye obtained from madder roots produces a range of colors, from pale pink to deep red, depending on the process used to extract the dye and the type of mordant (a substance used to fix the dye to the fabric) used. The dye is known for its color fastness and has been used to dye fabrics for clothing, carpets, and tapestries.


In addition to its use as a dye, madder has also been used in traditional medicine for various purposes, including as a diuretic, a treatment for jaundice, and a remedy for menstrual problems. Some research has also suggested that madder may have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.


Today, madder is still cultivated for its dye, although synthetic dyes have largely replaced natural dyes in the textile industry. Madder is also used as an ornamental plant in gardens due to its attractive foliage and flowers.






除了用作染料外,茜草還用於傳統醫學,包括利尿劑、治療黃疸病和治療月經問題。 一些研究還表明茜草可能具有抗炎和抗氧化特性。



 1.  Logwood

 2.  Lac bugs

 3.  Comfrey

 4.  Cochineal

 5.  Madder

 6.  Connected shell

 7.  Knotweed

 8.  Huai Mi

 9.  pomegranate peel

10. Wormwood

11. Reseda(Weld)

12. winter green

13. cork

14. onion skin

15. chestnut

16. coconut

17. Hanna

18. five companions

19. black bean coat

20. Viola



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