20 Types of dye materials are selected. Most of them are plants, including flowers, fruits and roots. Two are insects. Two types of mineral are used as mordants.
Scientific Name: Dactylopius coccus
Cochineal is a red dye that is obtained from the dried bodies of female cochineal insects, also known as Dactylopius coccus. These insects are native to Mexico and Central America, but are now also found in other parts of the world, including Peru, the Canary Islands, and India.
To produce cochineal dye, the insects are harvested from cactus plants and dried in the sun. The dried insects are then crushed to create a fine powder, which is used to dye fabrics, cosmetics, and food products. Cochineal dye is valued for its intense red color, which is long-lasting and resistant to fading.
Cochineal has a long history of use as a dye, dating back to pre-Columbian times in Mexico. It was highly valued by the Aztecs and other indigenous peoples, and was later introduced to Europe by Spanish explorers. In the 19th century, cochineal became an important export for Mexico and other countries in the region, and was used to dye fabrics and other products all over the world.
Today, cochineal is still used as a natural colorant in a variety of products, including textiles, cosmetics, and food. However, some people may be allergic to cochineal, and it has also been the subject of controversy due to concerns about its use in food and drinks. In some countries, laws require that products containing cochineal be labeled as such, due to its potential to cause allergic reactions.
2. Lac bugs
6. Connected shell
8. Huai Mi
9. pomegranate peel
12. winter green
14. onion skin
18. five companions
19. black bean coat